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French Pronunciation

This page has 2 primary uses:-
  1. Use it as a reference page to learn the IPA symbols of the French language.
  2. Use it to familiarize yourself with the sounds of the French language if you’re just beginning your studies.
 

Consonants

  IPA  

Examples

Listen

English approximation

b

beaubeau

d

douxdo

f

fête; pharmaciefestival

ɡ

gain; guerregain

k

cabas; archque; aquarelle; kelvinsky

l

louploo

m

mou; femmemoo

n

nous; bonneno

ɲ

agneauxroughly like canyon

p

passéspy

ʁ

roue; rhume rolled r

s

sa; hausse; ce; garçon; option; sciesir

ʃ

choux; schème;shampooingshoe

t

tout; thésty

v

vous; wagonview

z

hasard; zérozeal

ʒ

joue; geaimeasure

Non-native consonants

Djakartajam

ŋ

campingcamping

DatchaChina

x

khamsinloch (Scottish English)

Semivowels

j

fief; payer; fille; travailyes

w

oui; loi; moyen; webwe

ɥ

huitbetween yet and wet
 

Vowels

  IPA  

Examples

Listen

English approximation

a

patteroughly like pat

ɑ

pâte; glasbra

e

clé; les; chez; aller; piedpay

ɛ

mère; est; abdomen; faitebest

ɛː

fête; mtre; reine; scène; caisse; rtresays

ə

le; reposeragain (often elided)

i

siîle; ybee

œ

sœur; jeuneroughly like bird

ø

ceux; jneroughly like bird

o

sot; hôtel; haut; bureauroughly like boat (Scottish English)

ɔ

sort; minimumlike not (Received Pronunciation English)

u

couptoo

y

tu; sûrroughly like few

Nasal vowels

ɑ̃

sans; champ; vent;temps; Jean; taonroughly like croissant

ɛ̃

vinimpair; pain; daim;plein; Reims; bien uh-huh

œ̃

un; parfumroughly like turn

ɔ̃

son; nomroughly like own

Suprasegmentals

IPA

Example

Listen

Explanation

ˈ

moyen [mwaˈjɛ̃]phrasal stress

.

pays [pe.i]syllable boundary

les agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo]liaison

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