German Pronunciation: Every IPA Sound (With Audio)

German Pronunciation: Every IPA Sound (With Audio) post image

This page has 2 primary uses:-

  1. Use it as a reference page to learn the IPA symbols of the German language.
  2. Use it to familiarize yourself with the sounds of the German language if you’re just beginning your studies.

 

Consonants

IPA

Examples

Listen

English approximation

b

Ball
  ball

ç

durch, ich   hue

d

dann
  done

f

Fass, Vogel   fuss

ɡ

Gast
  guest

h

hat   hut

j

ja   yard

k

kalt   cold

l

Last   last

m

Mast   must

n

Naht   not

ŋ

lang   long

p

Pakt   puck

pf

Pfahl   cupfull

ʀ

rast   red (Northumbrian Burr)

s

Hast   fast

ʃ

schal, Stein   shall

t

Tal   tall

ts

Zahl   cats

Matsch   match

v

was   vanish

x

Bach
  loch (Scottish English)

z

Hase
  hose

ʔ

beamtet
([bəˈʔamtət])
  the glottal stop in uh-oh!

Non-native consonants

Dschungel
  jungle

ʒ

Genie
  pleasure

Stress

ˈ

Bahnhofstraße
([ˈbaːnhoːfˌʃtʁaːsə])
  as in battleship /ˈbætəlˌʃɪp/

ˌ

 Bahnhofstraße   Secondary Stress

 

 

 

 

Vowels

IPA

Examples

Listen

English approximation

Monophthongs

a

Dach   bra (but shorter)

Bahn   bra

Beet   feet

ɛ

hätte, Bett,   bed

ɛː

wähle
  says

viel   feel

ɪ

bist   sit

Boot   roughly like law (British English)

ɔ

Post   cost

øː

Öl   roughly like hurt

œ

göttlich   roughly like hurt

Hut   true

ʊ

Putz   took

Rübe   roughly like few

ʏ

füllt   much like the above but shorter

Diphthongs

weit   tie

Haut   how

ɔʏ

Heu, Räuber   roughly like boy

Reduced vowels

ɐ

Ober
  fun

ə

halte   comma (when pronounced without stress)

Semivowels

ɐ̯

Uhr
  comma

Studie   studio

aktuell   actual

Non-native vowels

e

Methan   (short [eː])

i

vital   city (short [iː])

o

Moral   (short [oː])

ø

Ökonom   (short [øː])

u

kulant   (short [uː])

y

Psychologie   (short [yː])

 

 

 

These tables represent standard German pronunciation but there are a few minor regional variations.

If you use Anki spaced repetition software, here’s a fantastic German IPA deck to help you memorize the sounds of the German language.

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